Subscribe $4.99/month

Un-lock Verified Step-by-Step Experts Answers.

Find the Source, Textbook, Solution Manual that you are looking for in 1 click.

Our Website is free to use.
To help us grow, you can support our team with a Small Tip.

All the data tables that you may search for.

Need Help? We got you covered.

For Arabic Users, find a teacher/tutor in your City or country in the Middle East.

Products

Find the Source, Textbook, Solution Manual that you are looking for in 1 click.

For Arabic Users, find a teacher/tutor in your City or country in the Middle East.

Need Help? We got you covered.

Chapter 7

Q. 7.AP.2

ARTIFICIAL GRAVITY

Astronauts spending lengthy periods of time in space experience a number of negative effects due to weightlessness, such as weakening of muscle tissue and loss of calcium in bones. These effects may make it very difficult for them to return to their usual environment on Earth. How could artificial gravity be generated in space to overcome such complications?

Step-by-Step

Verified Solution

A rotating cylindrical space station creates an environment of artificial gravity. The normal force of the rigid walls provides the centripetal force, which keeps the astronauts moving in a circle (Fig. 7.10). To an astronaut, the normal force can’t be easily distinguished from a gravitational force as long as the radius of the station is large compared with the astronaut’s height. (Otherwise, there are unpleasant inner ear effects.) This same principle is used in certain amusement park rides in which passengers are pressed against the inside of a rotating cylinder as it tilts in various directions. The visionary physicist Gerard O’Neill proposed creating a giant space colony a kilometer in radius that rotates slowly, creating Earth-normal artificial gravity for the inhabitants in its interior. These inside-out artificial worlds could enable safe transport on a several-thousandyear journey to another star system.

7.10