We are determined to provide the latest solutions related to all subjects FREE of charge!

Please sign up to our reward program to support us in return and take advantage of the incredible listed offers.

Enjoy Limited offers, deals & Discounts by signing up to Holooly Rewards Program


Advertise your business, and reach millions of students around the world.


All the data tables that you may search for.


For Arabic Users, find a teacher/tutor in your City or country in the Middle East.


Find the Source, Textbook, Solution Manual that you are looking for in 1 click.


Need Help? We got you covered.

Chapter 30

Q. 30.5

What is the dc load voltage and ripple in Fig. 30-13?


Verified Solution

The rms secondary voltage is

V_2=\frac{120 V}{5}=24 V

The peak secondary voltage is

V_P=\frac{24 V}{0.707}=34 V

Assuming an ideal diode and small ripple, the dc load voltage is

V_L = 34 V

To calculate the ripple, we first need to get the dc load current

I_L=\frac{V_L}{R_L} =\frac{34 V}{5 k\Omega }=6.8 mA

Now we can use Formula (30-9)V_R=\frac{I}{fC} to get

V_R=\frac{6.8 mA}{(60 Hz)(100 \mu F)}=1.13 Vpp \approx 1.1 Vp-p

We rounded the ripple to two significant digits because it is an approximation and cannot be accurately measured with an oscilloscope with greater precision.

Here is how to improve the answer slightly: There is about 0.7 V across a silicon diode when it is conducting. Therefore, the peak voltage across the load will be closer to 33.3 V than to 34 V. The ripple also lowers the dc voltage slightly. So the actual dc load voltage will be closer to 33 V than to 34 V. But these are minor deviations. Ideal answers are usually adequate for troubleshooting and preliminary analysis.

A final point about the circuit: The plus sign on the filter capacitor indicates a polarized capacitor, one whose plus side must be connected to the positive rectifier output. In Fig. 30-14, the plus sign on the capacitor case is correctly connected to the positive output voltage. You must look carefully at the capacitor case when you are building or troubleshooting a circuit to find out whether it is polarized or not.

Power supplies often use polarized electrolytic capacitors because this type can provide high values of capacitance in small packages. As discussed in earlier courses, electrolytic capacitors must be connected with the correct polarity to produce the oxide film. If an electrolytic capacitor is connected in opposite polarity, it becomes hot and may explode.